– How to Create a Virtual Machine in Windows 10
In this tutorial, we shall walk through the steps needed to install the Ubuntu flavor of Linux OS on a Windows 10 bit machine. In order words, when we are done we shall have Ubuntu the guest operating system running as a virtual machine on Windows the host operating system.
What is a VirtualBox VBox for short? Oracle VM VirtualBox is a free and open-source virtualization platform by Oracle which may be installed on Windows, macOS, Linux, Solaris and OpenSolaris; and according to Wikipedia it supports the creation and management of guest virtual machines on which other OS known as guest operating systems apart from the host OS can run. For the purpose of this tutorial we shall be installing the latest LTS long-term support version of Ubuntu, that is, version Back to the main VirtualBox window, we shall now configure the settings for the virtual machine we have just created.
On the right side, select Storage to show the screen where we previously selected the ISO file. If the Ubuntu ISO file is still there, remove it. Otherwise, close the Settings window, then in the VM click Enter to finish booting. By default the VM will only have 16 MB video memory. If your host system can handle it, MB is a good recommendation else you can opt for 32, 64, or 96 MB.
Then on the Close Virtual Machine dialog, select the Power off the machine option. Then on the left pane of the Settings dialog, click Display. Then input 32 MB for Video Memory. Click on OK to save the change. Phase 7: Install Guest Additions Notice that when the VM boots up that on maximising the VM window, the display of the Ubuntu desktop does not scale to fill the screen.
He is also the Provost of fofx Academy, a school for digital skills in an era of digital transformation; and currently the Community Organizer of the Lagos-Nigeria chapter of UiPath Community.
Linux OS. September 3, Phase 1: Install VirtualBox. Skip this section if you already have VirtualBox installed on your PC. If you do not have the VirtualBox installer for Windows, go to virtualbox.
For the purpose of this tutorial, we shall be using VirtualBox 6. Run the installer and follow the prompts to complete the installation by clicking the NEXT button on the three screens depicted in the image below. At the fourth screen of the installation wizard,. Ensure you are not in the middle of a large download that cannot be resumed, and click the YES button.
If you get the prompt to allow the installer make changes to your device, select YES. Phase 2: Create an Ubuntu Virtual Machine. If you do not have the ISO file for Ubuntu, go to www. Note that it may take a while because it is about 1. Then click on New. Ubuntu OS. VitualBox will try to predict the Type and Version based on the name you entered. Ubuntu system requirements advise we need at least 2GB however, it is recommended you allocate more if your host machine can handle it.
The higher you can set this memory size without severely impacting your host machine, the better the performance of the guest machine. If you are not sure, use 2GB For the purpose of this demonstration, we shall set the memory size to MB i. On the Hard disk screen, select Create a virtual hard disk now and click Create. The next screen is for Storage on physical hard disk.
The two options are well expalined but we shall go for the default, which is, Dynamically allocated so that VirtualBox will allocate space for the hard disk as it contains more and more files; this storage space is only limited by the hard disk size we shall specify in the next step. Click Next. The Ubuntu system requirements recommend 25GB though. Click Create. Phase 3: Configure Settings for the Virtual Machine.
On the left side of the window, select the virtual machine i. Ubuntu OS then click on the Settings button. Then still on the right pane, to the extreme right under Attributes , click the CD icon and from the menu that appears, select Choose Virtual Optical Disk File…. Browse to the downloaded file ubuntu Click OK to close the Settings dialog window. The virtual machine is now ready to start. Phase 4: Install Ubuntu on the Virtual Machine.
With the Ubuntu OS virtual machine selected, click Start. After the few minutes it takes Ubuntu to load, you should see the screen below. Click Install Ubuntu. Select your keyboard layout or accept the defaults and click Continue.
Use the default options Normal installation then with the Download updates while installing Ubuntu checkbox checked, click Continue. Accept the default option Erase disk and install Ubuntu , then click Install Now.
You will be prompted with a warning that the changes will be written to disk. Click Continue. Select your timezone e. Lagos and click Continue. Enter a your name, computer name, username and password, then click Continue. The Ubuntu installation will take several minutes to complete, so you will have to wait a bit. After the installation is finished you will be prompted to restart the VM. Click Restart Now. When the VM reboots you will see the message depicted by the image below:.
If all went well the VM should boot to the Ubuntu login screen. Select your user and enter the password to login. Phase 5: Check for Updates and Install them. With your Ubuntu VM running, observe the vertical taskbar shown on the left of the screen, the last icon is a square pattern made up of nine 9 dots; this is called the Apps Button.
Click on it. Then in the Search field that appears, type updater and hit Enter. When the Software Updater app is shown, double-click on it to run it. If there are any updates you should see the dialog shown below. Click the Install Now button and then enter your password if prompted for it. You will have to wait a bit for the updates to install. When the updates are done installing you will be prompted to restart the VM. Phase 6: Modify Display Settings. Ensure the Ubuntu VM is not running.
This implies that you have to shut down if it is. Phase 7: Install Guest Additions. Notice that when the VM boots up that on maximising the VM window, the display of the Ubuntu desktop does not scale to fill the screen. Before we proceed we need to ensure that our Ubuntu installation is up to date. Once the updates are finished, restart Ubuntu using the command below. You may need to enter your password if prompted for it.
VirtualBox Guest Additions require some additional packages to be installed in Ubuntu. If you try to install Guest Additions without these additional packages you will get an error message that looks like this: This system is currently not set up to build kernel modules.
Once the installation is complete, restart Ubuntu again.. The software will automatically start. In the prompt, click Run on the dialog that appears. Then enter your password and click Authenticate. A new terminal window will be opened and the installation will proceed.
Once the install is complete, hit Enter to close the terminal window. Restart Ubuntu.
Ubuntu on virtualbox windows 10. How do I run Ubuntu on Windows 10 on VirtualBox
Frequently Asked Questions. In ubuntu on virtualbox windows 10 words, when we are done we shall have Ubuntu the guest operating system running as a virtual machine on Windows the host operating system. As of 11 Februarythe latest release and also the most recent long-term support release is Now type ‘terminal’ in Dash to open a Terminal. After the installation is finished you will be prompted to restart the VM.