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Jul 12,  · Plant freshly harvested seeds in moist soil and lightly cover them with soil. Place the seed in a warm area and keep it at around 85 degrees Fahrenheit for two to three months. Move the seed to the refrigerator and keep chilled for three months. Be sure to Occupation: Content Writer And Editor. Jun 10,  · Seven Hamamelis vernalis (vernal, or spring-blooming, witch hazel) cultivars round out the trial. These are the witch hazels native to the Ozark Mountains areas of Missouri and Arkansas, renowned for their intensely fragrant (though smaller-sized) flowers. Look for H. vernalis ‘Amethyst’. “Its dark, near-purple flowers aren’t as noticeable as. Size and form: Common witch-hazel grows 15 to 25 feet high and 15 to 20 feet wide with an irregular form at maturity. In part shade it will have a more open habit than in full sun. Native geographic location and habitat: It is native to the eastern United States and commonly found wooded areas. C-Value: 8.


Witch Hazel | Home & Garden Information Center.Growing Witch Hazel: How to Care for Witch Hazel in the Garden | Garden Design


Early one March, I encountered three kinds of witch hazels in bloom at Longwood Gardens in Pennsylvania zone 6. All were spectacular — far more so than forsythia, in my opinion. Then in early November, I saw the same three plants in full fall color. Again, all were gorgeous.

Witch hazels are outstanding landscape plants in zones 6 through 8, particularly in the eastern half of the country, but also in the Pacific Northwest west of the Cascade Range. Most varieties of H. Planting and Care Witch hazels are easy to grow and usually free of pests and diseases. Optimum soil is well drained, evenly moist, and slightly acidic.

Incorporating organic matter into the soil at planting time produces ideal conditions. Likewise, full sun is ideal, but they tolerate a considerable amount of shade. Most often the only pruning necessary is removal of dead branches. Propagation is often by grafting, with H. This is not a good idea, in my opinion.

Time and again, I have observed suckering vigorous growth from roots and incompatibility between rootstock and scion. You can recognize suckers by their origin from the base of the plant. If these appear, remove them at once to prevent their overtaking the plant. In my garden, all the H. Unfortunately most witch hazels, except H.

I recommend taking the trouble to search out ungrafted plants. Best Kinds of Witch Hazels Even with only four main species and one hybrid species, there are nearly named varieties cultivars , most of them selections of H. Here are a few of my favorites.

Among these are the most highly regarded ornamental witch hazels. These hybrids were originally described in by horticultural taxonomist Alfred Rehder, who studied plants growing in Boston’s Arnold Arboretum. Plants are usually vigorous, upright-spreading, and rather loosely branched if not pruned. Some types display wide-spreading habits. They flower from late January into mid-March in the north, earlier farther south. Colors range from yellow to red.

In fact, it is one of the very few American medicinal plants approved as an ingredient in non-prescription drugs by the U. Food and Drug Administration. Witch hazels are generally considered large shrubs, or in some instances small trees.

The ultimate or mature size is largely dependent upon the species or cultivar selected, and the growing environment in which it is sited. Common witch hazel H.

Vernal witch hazel H. Hybrid witch hazels H. Plants are typically upright-spreading and rather loosely branched. The somewhat zigzagging branches offer interesting form, and its upright nature lends itself to an opportunity for under-planting with bulbs or small perennials. Witch hazels are generally considered to be slow growing. However, the hybrid witch hazel does display greater vigor than that of either parent species. One could reasonably expect annual growth of inches under suitable environmental conditions.

As mentioned previously, witch hazels make beautiful, relatively problem-free additions to South Carolina landscapes. They also offer the gardener an interesting and unique plant that truly adds to a four-season landscape. Flowers of common witch hazel H. The common witch hazel H. The flowers form from groups of three or four stalked buds which open from October to December.

It is a valuable shrub for the naturalized border, under the tall canopy of mature shade trees, although it will tolerate full sun in moist soils. There have been some garden-worthy selections made, but they may be more difficult to find in the trade as opposed to the Asian species and hybrids. It is cold hardy to Zone 3. Common witch hazel is the preferred rootstock for grafted cultivars of Asian origin.

The vernal witch hazel H. In South Carolina, it would be reasonable to expect flowering in January. New growth is bronze to reddish purple, and changes to medium-dark green in summer.

The fall color is somewhat variable, but is described in literature as being an outstanding clear yellow that develops late. The flowers consist of four yellow strap-like petals with a darker orange to red calyx at the base. While vernal witch hazel offers more variety for the garden than the common witch hazel, it is also more difficult to find in the trade than the Asian species and hybrids. Handsome oval leaves, sometimes downy on the underside, turn all sorts of colors in fall. And then there’s the crowning glory: shaggy, spidery winter blooms with long, crinkly petals, clustered up and down the length of the branches.

Illustration: Lane, Chris. Witch Hazels. Portland, Oregon. In fact, the only major drawback to witch hazels lies at their roots—a preference for well-drained, loamy, acidic soil means that they grow less than happily in clay soil. That’s what led two of our dedicated plantsmen — Dr. Andrew Bell, curator of woody plants, and Richard Hawke, manager of plant evaluation — to design the witch hazel trial.

Their question: which of the myriad witch hazel cultivars perform best in Chicago’s less-than-perfect soils? The trial features 22 cultivars of Hamamelis x intermedia , the hybrid witch hazels born from the cross between two species’ parents: Hamamelis mollis Chinese witch hazel and Hamamelis japonica Japanese witch hazel. Tour the witch hazel beds and you’ll see H.

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Close this content. Read full article. Mike Hogan. Witch hazel is a large shrub that thrives in locations with some shade. Story continues. Jelena witch hazel features orange-burgundy blooms that protectively close when it’s frigid cold and open when it warms up.

Depending on variety, witch hazel can provide early spring or late fall and winter color. Our goal is to create a safe and engaging place for users to connect over interests and passions. In order to improve our community experience, we are temporarily suspending article commenting.


Hamamelis (Witch Hazel)

One could reasonably expect annual growth of inches under suitable environmental conditions.